HomeHealth ConditionsVitiligo: causes, symptoms, and treatment

Vitiligo: causes, symptoms, and treatment

Vitiligo causes, symptoms, and treatment


Vitiligo is a skin disease commonly known as Vitiligo. In the case of this disease, the melanin of the skin starts to decrease or disappear. Remember that melanin is the pigment that gives skin its color. It can be tan, white, black, or tan.

Generally, this disease starts with a small white spot, but later these spots gradually start spreading to a particular part of the body or the whole body. In the case of this disease, a person becomes a victim of severe mental stress or confusion and even depression because it affects beauty a lot.

Vitiligo can affect any part of the body. Still, it most commonly affects parts of the body that are exposed to direct sunlight, such as the hands, feet, elbows, face, lips, and neck. Cystitis can affect people of any age and men and women. But the disease mostly affects people in their twenties and thirties, and a general estimate is that around one to two percent of people worldwide is affected by it. This disease is generally divided into three types.

Vitiligo types


1. Focal Vitiligo

In the case of this type of Vitiligo, spots appear in a specific part of the body. Focal Vitiligo can cause white spots up to five centimeters across the skin. These spots don’t need to be completely white, and they can be whitish. In the case of this type of Vitiligo, attempts are made to restore the skin to its original color

2. Segmental Vitiligo

This type of Vitiligo affects the least number of people and usually causes white patches on the lower part of the body. In the case of contracting this disease, the symptoms start to spread very quickly.

3. Generalized Vitiligo

Generalized Vitiligo is also called non-segmental Vitiligo and is the most common type of Vitiligo. In the case of this type of Vitiligo, white spots start appearing all over the body. This type usually causes white patches to appear on the neck, face, mouth, and specific parts of the body.

Causes for Vitiligo

Nothing can be definitively said about the causes of this disease and why it occurs. It is not included in the list of hereditary diseases because no one in the family of patients suffering from this disease, especially the parents, has the disease. However, if a parent or someone else in the family has the disease, it is possible that the risk of vitiligo increases.

According to some experts, the leading cause of the disease is a malfunction of the immune system, which causes the body to destroy its helpful cells. It begins to beat. However, eczema, skin burns, stomach ulcers, and skin rashes (psoriasis) can also increase the risk of this disease.

Symptoms of Vitiligo

The onset of white patches on any part of the body, and particularly the onset of white patches on the hands, face, and genitals –
Premature graying of the scalp, beard, or eyebrow hair –
Discoloration of the tissues inside the mouth and nose

  • Vitiligo infection can cause the following complications.
  • Feeling social pressure
  • Hearing difficulties
  • Skin cancer
  • Various eye problems
  • Sunburn

Also, various medicines and creams are used to get rid of the white patches on the body due to Vitiligo, which can cause many skin problems, such as discoloration. The skin may be thin.


Doctors say there is no specific treatment for Vitiligo; it is true that it either increases or decreases with age, but there is currently no effective treatment. According to doctors, the case of each person suffering from this skin disorder is different and unique, and the treatment that is right for one person may not necessarily have a positive effect on another.

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